Which of the following is a characteristic of anthropology
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1. Which of the following is a characteristic of anthropology? a) It is concerned with both human biology and culture. b) It is concerned with human variation, evolution, and adaptation. c) It focuses only on prehistoric societies. d) a and b 2. Which of the following is true about anthropology? a) It usually is preferable to do anthropological research alone rather than with a team of researchers. b) Anthropology as an academic discipline is comparatively young. Its roots go back to the intellectual Enlightenment of the 18th and early 19th centuries in Europe and North America. c) Most anthropologists today are generalists–they master all of the fields of anthropology. d) All professional anthropologists now work in colleges, universities, or museums. 3. Inherent in the holistic approach to learning about humans is the realization that: a) All people are fully and equally human. b) Ethnocentric beliefs are biologically inherited. c) People cannot be understood by studying either their biological makeup or their cultural background alone. It is necessary to take into consideration both genetically inherited and learned traits in trying to explain how we have become the people we are. d) all of the above 4. What do anthropologists mean when they refer to the concept of “integration” in regards to cultures? a) Different kinds of people should learn to live together in peace. b) Any successful behavior, strategy, or technique for obtaining food and surviving in a new environment provides a selective advantage in the competition for survival with other creatures. c) The best way to study another culture is by working with a team of researchers from different academic disciplines. d) All aspects of a culture are interrelated. 5. Culture is: a) entirely learned during our lifetimes. b) the full range of learned behavior patterns and knowledge acquired by people as members of a society. c) what made it possible for humans to transform themselves from relatively insignificant plant and dead animal scavengers in Africa to a truly global species capable of controlling the fate of all other species. d) all of the above 6. Which of the following best describe how anthropologists primarily learn new information about humans? a) field work b) laboratory experiments c) reading travelers accounts d) none of the above 7. Which of the following is true of the scientific method of inquiry? a) The first step is the formulation of hypotheses or predictions. b) It is used primarily in trying to understand the supernatural world. c) If after repeated testing, a hypothesis still holds up as a valid explanation for a group of facts, it becomes accepted as an unchallengeable theory. d) none of the above 8. The scientific method of inquiry involves which of the following steps? a) formulation of questions based on preliminary observations b) formulation of hypotheses or predictions that can be tested c) testing of hypotheses through systematic observation and/or experimentation d) all of the above 9. In science, a hypothesis that has been confirmed through numerous tests is known as: a) an opinion b) an assumption c) a theory d) speculation
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