APU CHFD411 quiz 1 (All Correct)


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Part 1 of 1 – 100 . 0 Points

Question 1 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Which is least likely to be considered an indication of problem behavior in youth?

A . A behavior is excessively intense .

B . A behavior is qualitatively atypical .

C . A behavior is unusual but of no harm to anyone .

D . A behavior is exhibited in inappropriate settings .

Question 2 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Which of the following is true regarding preschooler mental health?

A . Preschoolers have fewer problems than older children .

B . Preschoolers have more problems, but tend to outgrow them .

C . The problems of preschoolers occur at the same rate as older children .

D . Secular trends indicate that the risks for young children and mental illness are decreasing .

Question 3 of 25 4 . 0 Points

When the term syndrome is used in reference to a behavioral disturbance, it suggests that the disorder

A . has a biological cause .

B . has a psychological cause .

C . occurs mostly in early childhood .

D . is characterized by a group of symptoms .

Question 4 of 25 4 . 0 Points

With regard to childhood behavioral problems and age of youth,

A . little relationship exists between age and the occurrence of problems .

B . sometimes what seems to be a relationship between age and the occurrence of a specific disorder may actually reflect the time at which the disorder is first identified .

C . almost all behavior problems of young people appear in some form by age 6 .

D . children cannot be diagnosed with a specific disorder until they are at least 8 years old .

Question 5 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Human development is best viewed as

A . always occurring in stages .

B . changes in individuals due to environmental influences .

C . change in persons over time due to the interactions of many variables .

D . quantitative rather than qualitative growth .

Question 6 of 25 4 . 0 Points

If a disorder occurs only in the presence of Factor X but only when Factor Y or Factor Z are present, we might suspect that Factor X is a _____ cause of the disorder .

A . necessary but not sufficient

B . sufficient but not necessary

C . necessary and sufficient

D . neither necessary nor sufficient

Question 7 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Peter got along quite well as a child, but in adolescence he associated with a “bad” crowd, took drugs, and suffered academically .  At 21 years of age, he appears to have put aside these behaviors and has successfully returned to college .  Peter’s development is following which of the five adolescent developmental pathways described in the text?

A . Unstable adaptation

B . Unstable maladaptation

C . Decline of adaptation

D . Temporal maladaptation

Question 8 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Resilience is best defined as

A . a person’s characteristics that protect him or her from negative outcomes .

B . characteristics of the environment that protect a person from negative outcomes .

C . one or more factors that work with risk factors to produce a disorder .

D . one or more factors that protect a person in the presence of risk factors for a disorder .

Question 9 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Billy and Kyle are both evaluated at a child assessment clinic at age 6 .  Billy comes from an affluent, loving and intact family .  He is meeting all developmental tasks and is well adjusted .  Kyle is living in poverty with his maternal grandmother after being abandoned by his parents .  He is scoring in the clinically significant range on measures that test for behavioral problems .  Years later, both boys are re-evaluated and both are found to be well adjusted and developing normally .  Kyle reports that he became active in sports and was mentored by caring adults over the years .  This is an example of

A . ordinary magic of resilience .

B . multifinality .

C . unstable, maladaptive development .

D . nonnormative development .

Question 10 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Heterotypic continuity refers to the continuance

A . of risk factors across the lifespan .

B . of resilience factors across the lifespan .

C . of a problem in the same form over time .

D . of a problem, with the problem changing in form over time .

Question 11 of 25 4 . 0 Points

In the Strange Situation Kevin does not use his mother as a resource .  He does not seem distressed when she leaves and ignores her when she returns .  Which attachment style is Kevin exhibiting?

A . Secure

B . Insecure resistant

C . Insecure avoidant

D . Disorganized

Question 12 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Sandy cries easily, has tantrums when facing novel situations, and is highly reactive to stress .  Which temperament type best describes Sandy?

A . Easy

B . Slow–to-warm-up

C . Difficult

D . Disorganized

Question 13 of 25 4 . 0 Points

According to models of social cognitive processing, which is central in mediating children’s experiences and their behavior?

A . Their interaction with their parents

B . Their interpretation of their experiences

C . Their earlier attachment to their parents

D . Their temperamental tendencies

Question 14 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Mr .  and Mrs .  Smith have recently adopted Jimmy, age 9 .  They do not know much about his birth history .  They are concerned because Jimmy exhibits slow growth and poor motor skills .  He also has small eyes and a thin upper lip .  Finally, Jimmy seems to have difficulty learning and is quite hyperactive .  His pediatrician suspects that

A . Jimmy was exposed to lead early in life .

B . Jimmy’s mother had Rubella while pregnant with Jimmy . *

C . Jimmy’s mother drank while pregnant with Jimmy .

D . Jimmy was born breech .

Question 15 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Many complex human characteristics, such as intelligence and behaviors implicated in behavior disorders, are believed to be associated with

A . a single gene .

B . a single gene in combination with environmental influences .

C . multiple genes .

D . multiple genes in combination with environmental influences .

Question 16 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Michael inherits a genetic propensity for high-activity level from his parents and the parents have created a family environment that is highly active .  This is an example of a _______ gene-environment correlation .

A . active

B . passive

C . reactive

D . redundant

Question 17 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Attention, memory, concept formation, strategies to mentally manipulate information, and problem solving are examples of

A . instrumental processes .

B . observational processes .

C . cognitive processes

D . unconscious processes

Question 18 of 25 4 . 0 Points

In an ecological model of development, _______ contexts would be expected to have relatively more direct impact .

A . cultural

B . distal

C . proximal

D . pathologica .

Question 19 of 25 4 . 0 Points

According to the book, the definition of _________ is probably the most difficult and controversial .

A . emotional maltreatment

B . neglect

C . physical abuse

D . sexual abuse

Question 20 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Which of the following children is at the highest risk for abuse?

A . A one year-old with physical disabilities

B . A 12 year-old from a large family

C . A 17 year-old with failing grades

D . A 13 year-old Black male living in an impoverished neighborhood

Question 21 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Which of the following variables is thought to contribute to a youngster’s adjustment to divorce?

A . The youngster’s prior level of adjustment

B . Individual characteristics of parents

C . The youngster’s prior level of adjustment and individual characteristics of parents

D . The youngster’s prior level of adjustment, individual characteristics of parents, and ethnic differences

Question 22 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Which of the following statements regarding the impact of poverty on youth is accurate?

A . Rates of poverty are equal across racial groups .

B . Single female-headed households are at higher risk for poverty than married households .

C . Childrearing practices do not vary by social class .

D . Poverty is most damaging to middleschoolers .

Question 23 of 25 4 . 0 Points

The term acculturation refers to

A . the elimination of cultural influences so as to understand the effect of individual variables .

B . changes in culture resulting from different cultures coming in contact with each other .

C . the attempt to provide cultural experiences, such as music and art to at-risk children .

D . interventions to overcome the negative impact of a youngster’s cultural background .

Question 24 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Which of the following is an example of molecular family stability?

A . Living in a family with no divorce history

B . Living in the same home and never moving

C . Consistency in who lives in the home

D . Having a regular bed time

Question 25 of 25 4 . 0 Points

Which of the following statements regarding abuse is correct?

A . Physical abuse is harder to detect than other forms of maltreatment .

B . Sexual abuse of boys is more common than that of girls .

C . Refusing special education when needed can be considered neglect .

D . According to the book, in 2009 there were less than 200,000 cases of maltreatment reported in the U . S .




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